Day 3: Take a Quiz on Cliff and the Early Copper Mining Industry of Michigan

Take a shot at the first quiz of the term. The topics were Cliff and the early pioneering days of the Copper Country. The idea with this quiz is to start preparing the students for public tours. In the past we haven’t relied on students to lead tours. This year we are hoping to give them more responsibility in this area. Overall, the students did pretty well, though there are still some names and dates that still need to be ingrained in their minds.

Here’s a sampling of the questions:

Part 1: Early History of the Copper Country

  1. (1 point) In what decade did the copper mining industry of Michigan begin?
  2. (2 point) In the earliest years of the copper mining industry of Michigan, the Upper Peninsula was virtually cut off from the rest of the country. What event occurred in1855 that made for faster travel and easier transport of goods to the Copper County?
  3. (2 points) What were the physical representations of the Federal Government’s presence in the Copper Country in the early years? (Hint-there were two of one type, one of the other)
  4. (3 points) The Copper Country was geographically divided into distinct 3 mining districts? Name them. 
  5. (1 point) What ethnic group had the greatest impact on early mining practice and technology in the Copper Country?

Part 2: History of Cliff mine

  1. (2 points) The Cliff mine was owned by what mining company?
  2. (1 point) In what year did the original owners of the Cliff mine finally sell the property after no longer being able to make a profit? (Half credit if you at least get the decade)
  3. (1 point) What mining company eventually took over the Cliff property in the early 1910’s and worked it into the 1930’s before closing it for good?
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About Sean Gohman

Currently a PhD Degree seeking student in the Michigan Tech University's Industrial Heritage and Archaeology program.

4 responses to “Day 3: Take a Quiz on Cliff and the Early Copper Mining Industry of Michigan”

  1. Cari in Ironwood says :

    Quiz answers Part 1: Early History of the Copper Country

    1.(1 point) In what decade did the copper mining industry of Michigan begin?
    That would of course be the First decade of the copper mining industry in Michigan

    2.(2 point) In the earliest years of the copper mining industry of Michigan, the Upper Peninsula was virtually cut off from the rest of the country. What event occurred in1855 that made for faster travel and easier transport of goods to the Copper County?
    Someone invented Wisconsin.

    3.(2 points) What were the physical representations of the Federal Government’s presence in the Copper Country in the early years? (Hint-there were two of one type, one of the other)

    Death and Taxes, no wait, that’s something else.

    4.(3 points) The Copper Country was geographically divided into distinct 3 mining districts? Name them.

    Is one “Middle Earth”?

    5.(1 point) What ethnic group had the greatest impact on early mining practice and technology in the Copper Country?

    Americans

    Man, I would ACE this class!

  2. Joe Dancy says :

    let me give it a try off the top of my head:

    Part 1: Early History of the Copper Country
    1.(1 point) In what decade did the copper mining industry of Michigan begin?

    1840’s. The Cliff was discovered in 1844

    2.(2 point) In the earliest years of the copper mining industry of Michigan, the Upper Peninsula was virtually cut off from the rest of the country. What event occurred in1855 that made for faster travel and easier transport of goods to the Copper County?

    This is a stumper. The Treaty of LaPointe (sp?) was earlier. Maybe locks were installed at the Soo? Or some type of portage system so copper could easily reach Detroit and Pittsburgh and Cleveland? The Portage Lake cut to Superior was not made until the 1860’s if I recall. This was probably too early for any rail line, plus not much to build a rail line to in the UP

    3.(2 points) What were the physical representations of the Federal Government’s presence in the Copper Country in the early years? (Hint-there were two of one type, one of the other)

    Fort WIlkins was one. The leasing office, was it Porter’s Island, was another? Stumped on the third. Maybe another leasing office in Houghton or Hancock

    4.(3 points) The Copper Country was geographically divided into distinct 3 mining districts? Name them.

    Conglomerate, fissure, and amigdaloid regions? I guess those are geologic dividions, not geographic regions

    5.(1 point) What ethnic group had the greatest impact on early mining practice and technology in the Copper Country?

    Cornish. They had very similar mines in the UK, deep shaft, hard rock, as I recall they were after copper also. Like the Cliff, ruins remain

    Part 2: History of Cliff mine

    1.(2 points) The Cliff mine was owned by what mining company?

    Boston & Pittsburg Co. Discovered on Nov 18, 1844 by Blind John Hays. Apparently a calcite fissure exended from the base of the cliff upward that contained native copper and silver. While very late in the season they took the specimens down to Green Bay then to Chicago then back east for investors to look at as they tried to raise devepmental funds. As I recall I think Hobert or some other historical expert said the calicite fissure from the Cliff extends northward out into Lake Superior, and you can see the fissures just offshore (I have looked from the shore for a calcite fissure to no avail)

    2.(1 point) In what year did the original owners of the Cliff mine finally sell the property after no longer being able to make a profit? (Half credit if you at least get the decade)

    The early 1870’s as I recall. We had a national depression in 1872. Some of the graves in the Cliffside cemetary are from the early 1870s – as I recall Jane and her three kids have a marker and all date early 1870’s. Forgot Janes last name, but I think her husband worked tribute in the mines

    3.(1 point) What mining company eventually took over the Cliff property in the early 1910’s and worked it into the 1930’s before closing it for good?

    C&H

    ***************

    OK, I have a few:

    1. (2 points): What was Lake Fannie Hooe named before it was Lake Fannie Hooe?

    2. (2 points): Who was Fannie Hooe?

    3. (2 points): The company that held the leases at the Cliff Mine also held leases elsewhere in the Copper Country. In addition to the samples at the Cliff, where did they also get samples from (copper oxide and native copper)?
    (the workings still exist and are open to tourists, a hint)

    4. (2 points): The lease that covered the Cliff Mine was how many miles wide on each side? Or asked another way, how many square miles were covered by the initial Cliff Mine lease?

    5. (2 points) What miner transportation technology was developed at the Cliff to get miners down into the mine quickly without climbing down ladders?

    6. (2 points) What was the major source of fuel in the early years of the mine?

    7. (2 points) Did the original Cliff Mine lease extend out under Lake Superior?

    8. (2 points) How did they ship the copper product produced at the mine?

    Lots of cool stuff at the Cliff. Hard to imagine working without electricity, gasoline, autos, natural gas, telephone, refrigerators and the like in the middle of the wilderness

    • Sean Gohman says :

      Part 1.
      1. Correct!
      2. Correct! The “Soo” Locks
      3. Correct on two (the other leasing office was in Ontonagon)
      4. Keweenaw, Portage Lake, and Ontonagon
      5. Correct!

      1. Correct!
      2. Correct! (1871)
      3. Correct!

      I may have the students take a crack at your questions, Joe.

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